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Therapy of psychoses

What antipsychotic agents are available?

Two different types of antipsychotics exist, the so-called "conventional" or "typical" antipsychotics, and the so-called "atypical" antipsychotics. The differentiation primarily lies, before everything else, on the danger of triggering so-called extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS), whereby this danger is clearly reduced through the use of atypical antipsychotics.

Antipsychotics are available in various forms and cannot be obtained for all forms of administration:

  • As normal tablets or capsules, which must be taken daily
  • As so-called orodispersible tablets, which dissolve on the tongue and must be taken daily
  • As drops (which are generally prescribed on hospital wards)
  • As a short-term depot form, which is only applied on the ward in acute treatment
  • As so-called depot forms, also as an intramuscular injection, which must be repeated every two to three weeks

In the following, you will find a list of frequently employed antipsychotics and their trade names:

Atypical antipsychotics Antipsychotics in tablet form (trade name®) Antipsychotic as a depot injection trade name®)
Amisulprid Solian  
Aripiprazol Abilify  
Clozapin Leponex  
Olanzapin Zyprexa  
Paliperidon Invega  
Quetiapin Seroquel  
Risperidon Risperdal Risperdal Consta
Ziprasidon Zeldox  

 

Typical antipsychotics Antipsychotics in tablet form (trade name®) Antipsychotics as a depot injection (trade name®)
Fluphenazin Dapotum Dapotum D
Flupentixol Fluanxol Fluanxol Depot
Haloperidol Haldol Haldol Decanoat
Perazin Taxilan  
Perphenazin Decentan Decentan-Depot
Pimozid Orap  
Zotepin Nipolept  
Zuclopenthixol Ciatyl Ciatyl Acuphase
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